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The European Network of Observatories and Research Infrastructures for Volcanology (EUROVOLC) aims to construct an integrated and harmonized European volcanological community able to fully support, exploit and build upon existing and emerging national and pan-European research infrastructures, including eInfrastructures of the European Supersite volcanoes. The harmonization includes linking scientists and stakeholders and connecting still isolated volcanological infrastructures located at in situ volcano observatories (VO) and volcanological research institutions (VRIs).

EUROVOLC is addressing fragmentation at various levels, including community, project and discipline through four main themes:

  1. Community building
  2. Volcano-atmosphere interaction
  3. Sub-surface processes
  4. Volcanic crisis preparedness and risk management

Activities within these themes include networking, joint research, and physical (trans-national) and virtual access to data resources, volcano observatories and volcanological research institutions.

These activities have enabled collaborative research, best practices and procedures to be developed, networking and communication between research institutes, volcano observatories, civil protection and Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres improved on, and training resources for the public and young researchers to be developed.

EUROVOLC is integrating the European volcanological community and opening up and providing a wider, simplified, and more efficient access to key, multidisciplinary European research infrastructures. The overall goal is to conduct improved volcanological research, drive best practice at volcanological observatories and open pathways for enterprise to better exploit georesources in volcanic areas such as geothermal energy.

The EUROVOLC WIKI pages provide a resource for the European volcanological community and beyond, to access and update beyond the end of the EUROVOLC project in order to facilitate continued networking and research collaborations.

Research Infrastructures

The research infrastructures, focused on the study and monitoring of volcanoes and volcanic processes for research and societal benefit, consist of two main categories:

  • (A) in situ volcano observatories (VOs), with responsibilities for monitoring volcanic activity, forecasting hazards, issuing warnings and alerts to Civil Protection authorities and Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres (VAACs), and informing society when the volcanoes exhibit signs of unrest or imminent eruption. The VOs operate multidisciplinary monitoring and surveillance systems to assess volcanic activity, support decision makers, Civil Protection and aviation authorities at regional-, national-, or international level, and carry out research and technological developments in all fields of volcanology to further their operational goals. The distribution of the VOs is dictated by the location of active volcanoes (see Figure 1), which within Europe are found in Italy, Iceland, Portugal, Spain (Canary Islands), Greece and Norway. Active “European” volcanoes are also found in the European overseas territories of West Indies, Indian- and Pacific oceans (France) and the South Atlantic Ocean (UK). Neighbouring and nearby nations (e.g. Turkey, Syria, Armenia and Iran) also have active volcanoes and would benefit from coordinated European support.
  • (B) Distributed volcanological research institutions (VRIs), which include universities, agencies, institutes, centres, laboratories and groups that use and produce volcano observations, carry out experiments, modelling and scientific studies to improve the knowledge of volcanological processes and hazards. The VRIs utilise the monitoring data of the VOs and, even though they do not have formal monitoring responsibilities, in some cases they may also operate monitoring programs and systems and provide scientific knowledge and advice.